“Give to Caesar what belongs to Caesar and to God what belongs to God.” this is often quoted by peoples or politicians to emphasize the separation of church and state, to highlight that the church should not meddle in the affairs of government. Is this a valid or absolute premise?
In the gospel Jesus was asked: “Is it lawful to pay the census tax to Caesar or not?" Jesus asked for a coin and said: "Whose image is this and whose inscription?" they replied: “Caesar’s” then Jesus uttered this famous line: “So, repay to Caesar what belongs to Caesar and to God what belongs to God."
All along Jesus knew about their deceitful plan to entrap Him based on what He will say, that’s why He told them: "Why are you testing me, you hypocrites? So Jesus answered them based on the need of the situation. If only they’ve sincerely asked Jesus the same question they could have received a much profound answer from Him such as this one: “Repay to Caesar what belongs to Caesar and to God what belongs to God but if Caesar is engaged in corruption, human rights violation, land grabbing, abuse of power, forced disappearance of his political opponents and the like, I advice you to think otherwise.” That could have been Jesus’ reply.
Why are there peoples who protest against their duly constituted governments that sometimes lead to their being overthrown? They protest because they feel that they are not being given what is due them.
Let us all be good and law abiding citizens of our own governments by rightfully paying our taxes and by obeying its statutes but let us also be vigilant so that we will not be abused by our government leaders whose mandate emanates from us.
As to God, let us always give our everything to Him.